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Great Lakes Climate Change and Lake-Levels

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  1. Recent water level changes across Earth's largest lake system and implications for future variability | Gronewold, Andrew D., Rood, Richard B.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  2. An expandable web-based platform for visually analyzing basin-scale hydro-climate time series data | Smith, Joeseph P., Hunter, Timothy S., Clites, Anne H., Stow, Craig A., Slawecki, Tad, Muhr, Glenn C., Gronewold, Andrew D.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  3. Hydrological drivers of record-setting water level rise on Earth's largest lake system | Gronewold, A. D., Bruxer, J., Durnford, D., Smith, J. P., Clites, A. H., Seglenieks, F., Qian, S. S., Hunter, T. S., Fortin, V.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  4. Great Lakes water levels: Monitoring change in Earth's largest surface freshwater system | Andrew D. Gronewold, Anne H. Clites, L. Rear-McLaughlin
    Report
  5. Water Levels Surge on Great Lakes | Gronewold, Andrew D., Clites, Anne. H., Bruxer, Jacob, Kompoltowicz, Keith W., Smith, Joeseph P., Hunter, Timothy S., Wong, Cary
    Newspaper Article
  6. Reaffirmation of large biases in a long-used method for projecting changes in Great Lakes water levels in climate change scenarios | Brent M. Lofgren, Jonathan Rouhana
    Government Report
  7. Comparison of the Characteristics (Frequency and Timing) of Drought and Wetness Indices of Annual Mean Water Levels in the Five North American Great Lakes | Assani, Ali A., Landry, ëlle, Azouaoui, Ouassila, Massicotte, Philippe, Gratton, Denis
    Journal Article (refereed)
  8. Physically Plausible Methods for Projecting Changes in Great Lakes Water Levels under Climate Change Scenarios | Lofgren, Brent M., Rouhana, Jonathan
    Journal Article (refereed)
  9. Connecting past and present climate variability to the water levels of Lakes Michigan and Huron | Hanrahan, Janel L., Kravtsov, Sergey V., Roebber, Paul J.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  10. Fluctuating Great Lakes Water Levels
    Report
  11. Great Lakes Water Budget
    Report
  12. Experiences and Perceptions of Great Lakes Water Level Change | Rachel Jacobson
    Report
  13. Dynamics of area changes in Great Lakes coastal wetlands influenced by long term fluctuations in water levels | Donald Curtis Williams
    Journal Article (refereed)
  14. Historical aerial photographs and a geographic information system (GIS) to determine effects of long-term water level fluctuations on wetlands along the St. Marys River, Michigan, USA | Donald C Williams, John G Lyon
    Journal Article (refereed)
  15. Techniques for Restoration of Disturbed Coastal Wetlands of the Great Lakes | Douglas A Wilcox, Thomas H Whillans
    Journal Article (refereed)
  16. Lake Michigan Wetlands: Classification, Concerns, and Management Opportunities | Douglas A Wilcox
    Journal Article (refereed)
  17. Influences of shoreline feature on fish distribution in the Laurentian Great Lakes | A Wei, P Chow-Fraser, D Albert
    Journal Article (refereed)
  18. The Impact of Changes in Water Level and Human Development on Forage Fish Assemblages in Great Lakes Coastal Marshes | Paul W Webb
    Journal Article (refereed)
  19. Water Quality Summary Grand Traverse Bay
    Report
  20. Fish Habitat Use Within and Across Wetland Classes in Coastal Wetlands of the Five Great Lakes: Development of a Fish-based Index of Biotic Integrity | Donald G Uzarski, Thomas M Burton, Matthew J Cooper, Joel W Ingram, Steven T.A. Timmermans
    Journal Article (refereed)
  21. Grand Traverse Watershed Protection Plan | Sarah U’Ren
    Report
  22. Environmental Conditions Promoting Non-native Phragmites australis Expansion in Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands | Mirela G Tulbure, Carol A Johnston
    Journal Article (refereed)
  23. Hydromorphic determinants of aquatic habitat variability in lake superior coastal wetlands | Anett S Trebitz, John A Morrice, Debra L Taylor, Richard L Anderson, Corlis W West, John R Kelly
    Journal Article (refereed)
  24. Status of Coastal Wetalnds in Georgian Bay and the North Channel | Patricia Chow-Fraser, Mel Croft
    Journal Article (refereed)
  25. A review of selected ecosystem services provided by coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes | Michael E Sierszen, John A Morrice, Anett S Trebitz, Joel C Hoffman
    Journal Article (refereed)
  26. Changes in shoreline vegetation over a 50-year period in response to water levels | Jennifer M Shay, Petronella M J de Geus, Margaret R M Kapinga
    Journal Article (refereed)
  27. Recent Water Level Declines in the Lake Michigan-Huron System | Cynthia E Sellinger, Craig A Stow, E Conrad Lamon, Song S Qian
    Journal Article (refereed)
  28. Secular Changes in Great Lakes Water Level Seasonal Cycles | Frank H. Quinn
    Journal Article (refereed)
  29. Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment
    Government Report
  30. Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Great Lakes Wetlands | Linda D Mortsch
    Journal Article (refereed)
  31. Changes in aquatic vegetation and fish communities following 5 years of sustained low water levels in coastal marshes of eastern Georgian Bay, Lake Huron | Jonathon D. Midwood, Patricia Chow-Fraser
    Journal Article (refereed)
  32. Wave Height and Water Level Variability on Lakes Michigan and St Clair | Jeffrey A Melby, Norberto C Nadal-Caraballo, Yamiretsy Pagán-Albelo, Bruce Ebersole
    Government Report
  33. The Ecological Evaluation of Lake Superior Regulation Plans for the International Upper Great Lakes Levels Study | Scudder Mackey, Bill Werick, Wendy Leger, Mike Shantz, Scott Thieme, Paul King-Fisher, Steven Rose, Dave Wright, Ralph Moulton, Bill Boik, Glenn Warren, Dick Bartz, Carol Salisbury, Steven Renzetti, John Hoehn, David Fay, Tony Eberhardt, Ted Yuzyk, Gene Stakhiv
    Report
  34. Lake Level Effects as Measured from Aerial Photos | John G Lyon, Ronald D Drobney
    Journal Article (refereed)
  35. The influence of changing climate on the ecology and management of selected Laurentian Great Lakes fisheries | A J Lynch, W W Taylor, K D Smith
    Journal Article (refereed)
  36. Effects of water-level fluctuations on lakes: an annotated bibliography | Manel Leira, Marco Cantonati
    Journal Article (refereed)
  37. Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment of Natural Features in Michigan’s Coastal Zone – Phase I: Assessing Rare Plants and Animals | Yu Man Lee, Michael R Penskar, Peter J Badra, Brian J Klatt, Edward H Schools
    Government Report
  38. Wetlands, Climate Change, and Carbon Sequestering | Jon Kusler
    Report
  39. Use of Historical and Geospatial Data to Guide the Restoration of a Lake Erie Coastal Marsh | Kurt P Kowalski, Douglas A Wilcox
    Journal Article (refereed)
  40. Overcoming Barriers to Coastal Wetland Ecosystem Rehabilitation: Strategies for the Great Lakes | Kurt P Kowalski
    Thesis
  41. Hydrogeomorphic Factors and Ecosystem Responses in Coastal Wetlands of the Great Lakes | Janet R Keough, Todd A Thompson, Glenn R Guntenspergen, Douglas A Wilcox
    Journal Article (refereed)
  42. Challenges to Deep-water Reproduction by Lake Trout: Pertinence to Restoration in Lake Michigan | John Janssen, J Ellen Marsden, Charles R Bronte, David J Jude, Shawn P Sitar, Frederick W Goetz
    Journal Article (refereed)
  43. Spatiotemporal patterns of fish community composition in Great Lakes drowned river mouths | David J Janetski, Carl R Ruetz III
    Journal Article (refereed)
  44. Temporal scales of water-level fluctuations in lakes and their ecological implications | Hilmar Hofmann, Andreas Lorke, Frank Peeters
    Journal Article (refereed)
  45. Morphometric factors in the formation of Great Lakes coastal wetlands | C E Herdendorf
    Journal Article (refereed)
  46. Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region
    GLISA Report
  47. The State of Lake Huron in 2010 | Robert G Lambe, Michael J Hansen, Robert E Hecky, David A Ullrich, William James, David O’Toole, William Taylor, Stephen C Riley
    Government Report
  48. Anticipated future lake levels on Superior, Michigan and Huron due to climate change
    Government Report
  49. Rapid Plant Community Response to a Water Level Peak in Northern Lake Huron Coastal Wetlands | Joseph P Gathman, Dennis A Albert, Thomas M Burton
    Journal Article (refereed)
  50. A Great Lakes Coastal Wetland Invertebrate Community Gradient: Relative Influence of Flooding Regime and Vegetation Zonation | Joseph P Gathman, Thomas M Burton
    Journal Article (refereed)
  51. Evaluating resilience-The implications of invasive species and natural water level fluctuation on Great Lakes coastal wetlands | Christin Beth Frieswyk
    Journal Article (refereed)
  52. Impacts of declining water levels on the quantity of fish habitat in coastal wetlands of eastern Georgian Bay, Lake Huron | Amanda Fracz, Patricia Chow-Fraser
    Journal Article (refereed)
  53. Historical aerial photographs and GIS to determine effects of long-term water level fluctuations on wetlands | Donald C Williams, John G Lyon
    Journal Article (refereed)
  54. Use of ecological indicators to assess the quality of Great Lakes coastal wetlands | Maja Cvetkovic, Patricia Chow-Fraser
    Journal Article (refereed)
  55. Warmer and Drier Climates that Make Terminal Great Lakes | Thomas E Croley II, C F Michael Lewis
    Journal Article (refereed)
  56. Great Lakes Monthly Hydrological Data | Thomas E Croley II, Timothy S Hunter
    Government Report
  57. Climate change impacts on the water resources of American Indians and Alaska Natives in the U.S. | K. Cozzetto, K. Chief, K Dittmer, M Brubaker, R Gough, K Souza, F Ettawageshik, S Wotkyns, S Opitz-Stapleton, S Duren, P Chavan
    Journal Article (refereed)
  58. Review of water level fluctuations on aquatic biota ice-covered lakes | Peter A Cott, Paul K Sibley, W Murray Somers, Michael R Lilly, Andrew M Gordon
    Journal Article (refereed)
  59. Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Coastal and Inland Wetlands in the State of Michigan | Jeanne Christie, Peg Bostwick
    White Paper
  60. Long-term response of the biotic community to fluctuating water levels and changes in water quality in Cootes Paradise Marsh, a degraded coastal wetland of Lake Ontario | P Chow-Fraser, V Lougheed, V Le Thiec, Barb Crosbie, L Simser, J Lord
    Journal Article (refereed)
  61. Habitat requirements of northern pike | John M Casselman, Cheryl A Lewis
    Journal Article (refereed)
  62. Spawning behavior of lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) | R.M. Bruch, F.P. Binkowski
    Journal Article (refereed)
  63. Patterns in fish assemblages from coastal wetland and beach habitats in Green Bay, Lake Michigan: a multivariate analysis of abiotic and biotic forcing factors | John C Brazner, Edward W Beals
    Journal Article (refereed)
  64. Effects of Water Level Fluctuations and Regulation on Upper Great Lakes Nearshore Ecosystems: An Annotated Bibliography | Valerie Brady, Elaine Ruzycki
    Report
  65. Effects of Water Level Fluctuations on Zebra Mussel Distribution in a Lake Erie Coastal Wetland | Richard Bowers, Ferenc A de Szalay
    Journal Article (refereed)
  66. Effects of Hydrology on Unionids (Unionidae) and Zebra Mussels (Dreissenidae) in a Lake Erie Coastal Wetland | Richard Bowers, Ferenc A de Szalay
    Journal Article (refereed)
  67. The Physical Effects of the Great Lakes on Tributaries and Wetlands | Keith W Bedford
    Journal Article (refereed)
  68. Recent trends in Laurentian Great Lakes ice coverage | Raymond Assel, Kevin Cronk, David Norton
    Journal Article (refereed)
  69. Ice-on, ice-off, and ice duration for lakes and rivers with long-term records | R A Assel, L R Herche
    Journal Article (refereed)
  70. Great Lakes Weekly Ice Cover Statistics | Raymond A Assel
    Government Report
  71. Great Lakes Ice Cover, First Ice, Last Ice, and Ice Duration-Winters 1973-2002 | Raymond A Assel
    Government Report
  72. Hydrogeomorphic Classification for Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands | Dennis A Albert, Douglas A Wilcox, Joel Ingram, Todd A Thompson
    Journal Article (refereed)
  73. Plants as regional indicators of Great Lakes coastal wetland health | D A Albert, L D Minc
    Journal Article (refereed)
  74. Aquatic Connectivity and Fish Metacommunities in Wetlands of the lower Great Lakes | Lynn D Bouvier, Karl Cottenie, Susan E Doka
    Journal Article (refereed)
  75. Dynamical Downscaling–Based Projections of Great Lakes Water Levels | Notaro, Michael, Bennington, Val, Lofgren, Brent
    Journal Article (refereed)
  76. Water Levels of the Great Lakes, 1860-2014 | EPA
    Figure
  77. cli-MATE | MRCC
    Data Portal
  78. Historical Ice Cover Plots | NOAA GLERL
    Figure
  79. Influences on Great Lakes Water Levels | Tip of the Mitt Watershed Council
    Website
  80. Lake Erie Water Levels | Ohio DNR
    Website
  81. US Water Levels by Station | NOAA
    Data Portal
  82. Visualizing relationships between hydrology, climate, and water level fluctuations on Earth's largest system of lakes | Clites, A. H., Smith, J. P., Hunter, T. S., Gronewold, A. D.
  83. Regional, Habitat, and Human Development Influences on Coastal Wetland and Beach Fish Assemblages in Green Bay, Lake Michigan | Brazner, J. C.
  84. Modeling the Impacts of Water Level Changes on a Great Lakes Community | Schwartz, R. C., Deadman, P. J., Scott, D. J., Mortsch, L. D.
  85. Climate change scenarios for Great Lakes Basin ecosystem studies | Mortsch, L. D., Quinn, F. H.
  86. Fish utilization of Great Lakes coastal wetlands | Jude, D. J., Pappas, J.
  87. Methodological Approaches to Projecting the Hydrologic Impacts of Climate change | Brent M. Lofgren, Andrew D. Gronewold, Anthony Acciaioli, Jessica Cherry, Steiner, Allison L., David Watkins
  88. Long-term Trends in the Seasonal Cycle of Great Lakes Water Levels | Lenters, John D.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  89. Lake Levels Graphic with Diversions
  90. What Could Changing Great Lakes Water Levels Mean for our Coastal Communities?
  91. Adapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers– A Great Lakes Supplement
  92. Great Lakes Coastal Resilience Planning Guide: Lake Levels
  93. GLIN: Lake Michigan Current Water Levels
    Web-based Tool
  94. US Army Corps of Engineers: Lake Michigan Diversion Accounting - Chicago
    Government Report
  95. DNR Illinois: Lake Michigan Water Allocation
    Website
  96. EPA: Lake Michigan Lakewide Management Plan
  97. Lake Level Viewer | NOAA
    Web-based Tool
  98. Great Lakes Regional Water Use Data
    Data Portal
  99. On the Hydrologic Adjustment of Climate-Model Projections: The Potential Pitfall of Potential Evapotranspiration | Milly, P. C. D., Dunne, Krista a.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  100. Uncertainty in the Great Lakes Water Balance | Brian P. Neff, J.R. Nicholas
    Government Report
  101. Chapter 18: Midwest, Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment | Pryor, Sara C., Scavia, Donald, Downer, Charles, Gaden, Marc, Iverson, Louis, Nordstrom, Rolf, Patz, Jonathan, Robertson, G. Philip
    Government Report
  102. Response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron | Angel, James R., Kunkel, Kenneth E.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  103. Lake Levels Web Graphic Project Outline | McLoughlin, Rachel
  104. Lake Levels Hydrology Graphic | McLoughlin, Rachel
    Figure
  105. Annual Report of the Great Lakes Regional Water Use Database: Representing 2012 Water Use Data
    Report
  106. Atmospheric teleconnection patterns associated with severe and mild ice cover on the Great Lakes, 1963–2011 | Xuezhi Bai, Jia Wang
    Journal Article (refereed)
  107. Coasts, water levels, and climate change: A Great Lakes perspective | Andrew D. Gronewold, Vincent Fortin, Brent Lofgren, Anne Clites, Craig A. Stow, Frank Quinn
    Journal Article (refereed)
  108. Hydroclimatic Factors of the Recent Record Drop in Laurentian Great Lakes Water Levels | Raymond A. Assel, Frank H. Quinn, Cynthia E. Sellinger
    Journal Article (refereed)
  109. Lake Level Template
    Figure
  110. Association between Winter Precipitation and Water Level Fluctuations in the Great Lakes and Atmospheric Circulation Pattern | Rodionov, S.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  111. Improving information access and communication among dam operations of the Huron River main stem | HRWC
    Report
  112. Assessing the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Great Lakes Evaporation | John Lenters, John Anderton, Blanken, Peter D., Spence, Christopher, Andrew E. Suyker
    White Paper
  113. Effects of using air temperature as a proxy for potential evapotranspiration in climate change scenarios of Great Lakes basin hydrology | Lofgren, Brent M., Hunter, Timothy S., Wilbarger, Jessica
    Journal Article (refereed)
  114. Great Lakes Water Level Dashboard
    Climate Analysis Tool
  115. Adapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers | Terri Cruce, Eric Yurkovich
    Government Report
  116. Lake Superior summer water temperatures are increasing more rapidly than regional air temperatures: A positive ice-albedo feedback | Austin, Jay A., Colman, Steven M.
    Journal Article (refereed)
  117. Lake Superior Regulation: Addressing Uncertainty in Upper Great Lakes Water Levels
    Report
  118. US Army Corps of Engineers
    Data Portal
  119. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
    Website
  120. Great Lakes Information Network (GLIN)
    Website
  121. GLERL Water Level Observations
    Data Portal
  122. GLERL
    Climate Organization
  123. Regional climate change projections for Chicago and the US Great Lakes | Hayhoe, K., VanDorn, J., Croley, T., Schlegal, N., Wuebbles, D.
    Journal Article (refereed)